Chat with us, powered by LiveChat
Advanced Manufacturing

Advanced manufacturing Technology

We provide advanced manufacturing services in technologies like 3d printing, CNC machining, fabrication, extrusion, etc.

Experienced Engineers

Team of expert engineers with more than 15 years of experience.

On Time Project Delivery

on time project delivery

With locations in all over Australia we can assure lightning fast delivery.

Australia Wide Expandation

Australia wide expandation

Zeal 3D is present in
Victoria, NSW, Western Australia,
Queensland and Tasmania.

ISO 9001 : 2015

ISO 9001-2015 certified

Committed to consistently provide products and services that meet customer and regulatory requirements and to demonstrate continuous improvement.


Copper designation systems are tools for recognising chemical compositions rather than requirements. For each copper composition, ASTM, governmental, and military standards cover the necessary properties. The technique used by the American copper and brass industry was expanded upon in the process for naming copper alloys. The new Unified Numbering System for Metals and Alloys (UNS) system, which replaces their previous three-digit system, employs five digits followed by the letter C. For instance, the copper alloy 377 forging brass is referred to as C37700 in the UNS system. The designations starting with C10000 and going all the way down to C79900 encompass wrought compositions. ing alloys are given numbers ranging from C80000 to C99900.


Based on the names of the alloys, the following section summarises the UNS designations of copper.

  • C10000-C19999 - High-Copper Alloys
  • C20000-C49999 – Brasses
  • C50000-C59999 - Phosphor Bronzes
  • C60600-C64200 - Aluminium Bronzes

» Read More

  • C64700-C66100 - Silicon Bronzes
  • C66400-C69800 - Brasses
  • C70000-C79999 - Copper nickels, nickel silvers
  • C80000-C82800 - Coppers, High-Copper Alloys
  • C83300-C85800 – Brasses
  • C86100-C86800 - Manganese Bronzes
  • C87200-C87900 - Silicon Bronzes and Brasses
  • C90200-C94800 - Tin Bronzes
  • C95200-C95800 - Aluminium Bronzes
  • C96200-C97800 - Copper Nickels, Nickel Silvers
  • C98200-C98800 - Leaded Copper
  • C99300-C99750 - Special Alloys

» Close

3d Printed Copper Part
CNC machining for copper

Why Choose Copper

Electrical Conductivity

Copper possesses the second-highest electrical conductivity after silver. Copper has a conductivity that is 97% that of silver. Copper has historically been the typical material utilised for energy transmission applications due to its significantly lower cost and wider availability. Since it possesses high ductility, copper is the preferred material for creating wires and cables. In situations requiring the transmission of high voltages where power and energy efficiency are crucial, copper wire is widely employed. Copper coils are frequently used in electrical motors, especially small ones, as the metal's higher conductivity significantly increases the motor's efficiency when compared to other metals.

Corrosion Resistance

Copper has been shown to be a helpful metal for outdoor and maritime structures as well as sailing due to its great natural corrosion resistance. Because of the outstanding ability of 90/10 and 70/30 copper-nickel alloys to resist the corrosive effects of seawater, they are frequently employed in alloy form.

» Read More

A chemical reaction between the metal's filmy surface and salt water produces the extraordinarily high corrosion resistance qualities of copper-nickel alloys, defending the core metal below.

Ductility and Machinability

Due to its malleability and ductility, copper is easily formed into the shape of a wire. Copper material is commonly utilised in architectural components, especially old church spires and steeples. Older buildings frequently had copper roofs and flashing, and the green patina that develops from oxidation provides the buildings a distinctive appearance as well as enhances the metal's endurance. Guitar strings, tubes, pipelines, and cables are a few other applications that show how malleable copper is. The extremely thin diameter wires that transmit power in computers, TV sets, cell phones, and automobiles couldn't be produced without copper's great ductility.

Thermal Conductivity

In terms of observed thermal conductivity of naturally occurring materials, copper places close to third behind diamond and silver. It also has good thermal properties. At 20 degrees Celsius, pure copper material typically has a thermal conductivity of 386.00 W/mK. This shows how quickly the metal transfers heat. The tight lattice structure of the copper atoms, which vibrates more as the temperature rises and conducts heat internally, is to blame for this. Due to its high melting point (1,085 °C), copper is the ideal material for high-temperature applications, making it ideal for heat exchangers in boilers, heat sinks in electrical equipment, and bases for cooking utensils like saucepans.

» Close


3D Printing

Copper has always been a vital metal throughout many industries due to its ability to conduct heat and electricity, and endure corrosion. As the applications and capabilities of this metal are increased by 3D printing, the need for intricate copper components is increasing. The most efficient 3D printing technologies such as Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) or SLM method is used to 3D print copper. A laser melts an extremely tiny metal alloy powder to create the desired shape layer by layer. Especially when you have elaborate or intricate designs, 3D printing in copper can be more cost-effective than traditional "subtractive" procedures.

CNC Machining

Copper is a great material for a wide range of applications due to its machining properties. Copper has exceptional corrosion resistance and excellent electrical conductivity and is simple to machine. With the copper CNC machining process, precision copper components may be produced quickly and with a significant level of reproducibility, ensuring that every product meets strict requirements and specifications.

» Read More


Copper alloys are well suited for a variety of fabrication processes, including machining, shaping, hammering, joining, polishing, and plating. The popularity of copper among consumers has increased recently, and it is used to make everything from mugs to high-end industrial equipment. Due to its enhanced malleability, conductivity, and conductivity properties, copper is widely used in the fabrication method to produce the desired end product. It is also very well-liked by fabrication businesses due to its beneficial characteristics.


The copper extrusion process uses state-of-the-art machinery and involves a number of phases to produce extrusions that are of the best standard, adaptable, and precision-focused. The process can only be successful from alloy selection to final reduction if it is under the strictest quality control procedures. Depending on the customer's requirements, this procedure might generate entire bar lengths, precision-cut lengths, or fully machined parts prepared for assembly. It is possible to produce half rounds, rectangular, square, and hex bars simultaneously while keeping product quality and consistency. Due to copper's excellent adaptability to extrusion, every customer is satisfied with the custom-shaped bars that are produced to meet their exact specifications and needs.

» Close

CNC milling Copper
Application of Copper


Electrical Industry: Since copper is the second best electrically conductive metal after silver, copper is used in almost all electrical wire (except from power lines, which are constructed of aluminium). It is malleable and simple to stretch out into very thin, flexible, but robust wires, making it perfect to use in electrical infrastructure in addition to being generally accessible and affordable. In addition to electrical wire, copper is utilised in electronics, heating elements, motors, and other energy sources.

Some of the popular grades of copper used in the electrical industry are

  • C10100
  • C12000
  • C11000
  • C10200

» Read More

  • C15000
  • C51000
  • C26000
  • C11040

Types of electrical components made with copper are,

  • Copper Magnet Wire Conductor
  • Switches
  • High Current Interconnects
  • Terminal Pins
  • Welding Tips
  • Springs
  • Fuse Clips
  • Connectors
  • Wood Screws
  • Rivets
  • Fasteners

Electronic Industry: In addition to electrical wiring, other applications for copper include heating elements, motors, alternative energy sources, internet lines, and electronics. One of the most cutting-edge industries nowadays is electronics, where copper plays a vital role.

Some of the popular grades of copper used in the electronic industry are

  • C81400
  • C83299
  • C17000
  • C17500
  • C18100
  • C18400
  • C15000
  • C18000

Types of electronic components made with copper are,

  • Electronic Connections
  • Printed Circuit Boards
  • Circuit Wiring and Contacts
  • Computer Chips
  • Semiconductors
  • Commutators

Construction: Since ancient times, copper has been utilised in construction. It eventually acquires a distinctive, lovely verdigris patina that was and is still highly coveted in some architectural designs. Because of its resistance to corrosion, versatility, and beauty, copper is still used in architecture today. In addition, copper sheets create attractive roofing materials as well as other exterior features for buildings.

Some of the popular grades of copper used in the construction industry are

  • C11000
  • C12500
  • C12200
  • C22000
  • C23000
  • C26000
  • C28000
  • C38500
  • C65500

Types of constructional activities that works with copper are,

  • Pipework
  • Electrical Wiring
  • Cladding
  • Roof Sheeting
  • Rainwater Systems
  • Gutters
  • Downpipes
  • Heating Systems

Transportation: Copper is used extensively in the construction of ships, trains, planes, and other transportation-related infrastructure. In the building of ships, copper alloys are widely used for bolts, rivets, propellers, condenser pipes, and other parts. In the railroad industry, copper is utilised to create a range of train parts, including motors, controls, and brakes, as well as in electric and signal systems. In addition, copper is a crucial component in brakes, bearings, connections, motors, radiators, and wiring in the automotive industry.

Some of the popular grades of copper used in the transportation industry are

  • CuZn38Pb2
  • CuZn39Pb3
  • CuZn4Sn4Pb4
  • CuZn21Si3P
  • CuZn38As
  • CuZn37

Types of automobile components made with copper are,

  • Plug-type Connectors
  • Connector Blocks
  • Relays
  • Driving Motors
  • Gearbox
  • Selector Forks
  • Heavy Duty Bearings
  • Copper Wiring In Its Stator Windings

Medical Industry: The medical sector is another industry that depends on copper, however, it does not have as large of a market as the industries described above. The antibacterial properties of copper play a significant role in this. Since copper interferes with the electrical charge contained in microbial cell membranes, research has demonstrated that bacteria, viruses, and yeasts cannot survive for an extended period of time on a copper surface. According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, 99.9% of bacteria that settle on a copper surface are killed within two hours.

Some of the popular grades of copper used in the medical industry are

  • CuCrZr
  • CuCrAgSi
  • CuZn37
  • CuSn6

Types of medical components made with copper are,

  • Sensor Devices
  • Surgery Robotics
  • Pace Makers
  • Copper Bed Railings
  • Faucets
  • Table Surfaces
  • Door Knobs/Handles
  • Surgical Trays

» Close


One Stop Solution: In order to help you meet all of your organisational goals, Zeal 3D, an ISO 9001-2015 certified firm, provides a comprehensive range of 3D engineering solutions, such as 3D printing, CNC machining, vacuum casting, laser cutting, and CAD services.

Extensive Material Support: Zeal offers a large variety of plastic and metal 3D printing materials to perfectly satisfy all of your needs. We use a variety of 3d printing methods, including FDM, SLS, SLA, SLM, DMLS, Material Jetting, and more, to print in more than 40 different materials like copper, stainless steel, aluminium, and brass.

On-demand Services: Zeal 3D is your go-to source for customized and on-demand 3D printing services and other 3D engineering solutions. Your hunt for the best 3D printer near me ends with Zeal 3D, whether you require the production of a single prototype or large quantities of a product.

» Read More

Instant Quoting: At Zeal 3D, with the help of our excellent 3D engineering services, you can turn your idea into a workable reality. Contact us right now to get a quick, free quote based on your business scenarios and customer requirements.

» Close

Zeal 3D for Copper
3d Printing for Copper

Types of Copper

Depending on the degree of purity, copper comes in a variety of grades. Impurities introduced during its composition will affect its electrical and thermal characteristics as well as how it can be manufactured. Additionally, the copper will be refined in order to influence the purity levels in ways to offer advantageous effects dependent on the applications like 3D printing, production of industrial spares, manufacturing on-demand equipment and much more. The various types of commercially accessible pure copper are listed below.

Pure Copper

Commercially available coppers have a total impurity content of 0.7 percent. They are ductile and incredibly soft. Pure copper is frequently strengthened by the addition of other elements. According to the elements added and the levels of impurities, the diluted copper will be assigned a UNS number ranging from C10100 to C13000, and the quantity and kind of alloys and additives will vary.

Oxygen Free Copper

» Read More

The purest coppers are those that are oxygen free. They have the least amount of volatile contaminants and at least 99.99 percent copper. This copper is produced by induction melting, in which high-grade cathode copper is immersed in a bath of finely ground graphite under non-oxidizing, low-hydrogen conditions. Due to its frequent use in glass-to-metal sealing and transmitter tubes in high vacuum electronics, this form of copper is very conductive. It has the UNS identifier of C10100 to C10200.

Electrolytic Coppers

Copper that has undergone electrolysis-based refinement to produce a tough pitch is called electrolytic copper. In order to purify the copper metal using this technique, copper compounds are dissolved in a solution and electricity is applied to flow through it. Metallic impurities in electrolytic copper will be fewer than 50 ppm. Due to its high conductivity and exceptional ductility, it has an electrical conductivity of 100 percent to 101 percent IACS (International Annealed Copper Standard). It is utilised in the majority of electrical applications, including cables, busbars, wires, and windings. The metal can be processed using both hot and cold techniques. The UNS code for it is C11000.

Free-Machining Coppers

Free-machining copper usually includes the addition of sulphur and telluride in order to increase its machinability. These substances will be added in quantities of about 0.5 percent. This kind of copper can be flexibly processed to make gas welding nozzles, soldering iron tips, torches, and other products. Copper that can be free-machined and contains sulphur is given the UNS C14700 designation, whereas copper that contains tellurite is given the C14500 rating.

» Close


Copper is a ductile, malleable, reddish-gold metal that is capable of effectively conducting heat and electricity. Copper is mostly used in industrial machinery, roofing, plumbing, and electrical wiring. The majority of these uses require the usage of pure copper. According to the total metal reports, after iron and aluminium, copper is the industrial metal that is most commonly consumed worldwide. About 75% of that copper is used in the production of electrical wires, communication cables, and electronics.

The Manufacturing Process of Copper

Copper can be found all over the surface of the Earth, mostly as copper minerals or as ores that also contain other metals like zinc and lead. It is mostly extracted using open-pit or underground mining methods. About 90% of copper is produced through open-pit mining, which digs into the crust of the earth in graduated steps to recover metal from close to the surface. In the process of producing copper, the manufacturer transforms the ore from its unprocessed, mined state into a purified version for usage in numerous industries. Copper manufacturing is a complicated process that requires numerous steps. Copper is commonly extracted from oxide and sulphide ores containing 0.5 to 2.0 percent copper. Copper producers use different refining methods depending on the type of ore, as well as other economic and environmental factors.



Quick Enquiry